Vocabulary #2 – “Base” (Word-Transformation Vocabulary)

The Word “Base” & It’s Transformations + Meaning & Usage


The word “Base”, and it’s various transformation is our first in the way of “Unique Word Transformation” TOEFL Vocabulary.  For more of an description about that, you can read the blog post I wrote on that subject here.


The root form “Base” may or may not show up on the exam, but the other forms could very-well be in and of the Reading Passages or Listening Section recordings, or can be used in the reading or listening portions of any of the Speaking or Writing Sections of the exam – and most certainly can be used in one’s answers in the Speaking or Writing Sections of The TOEFL iBT Exam.

Therefore, to find out more…


READ THE FULL POST HERE


Have An Excellent DaY!

😉

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The TOEFL Vocabulary Database Is “Finished”!!!

TOEFL Vocabulary


Yes, yes, I know…  there IS no such thing as “TOEFL Vocabulary”.  But I have some very good reasons for creating the GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! & TOEFL Excellence TOEFL Database

  • Because clueless people keep writing ridiculous books on the subject which are a complete waste of your time – AND… not only are they used by people studying for the exam, but are also used by lazy “teachers” who just don’t want to take the time to find out exactly what their students need.
  • Because an even more clueless person with a channel on Youtube, who ACTUALLY calls himself a “TOEFL Expert”, is wasting everyone’s time by making videos on the topic, which will NOT help anyone to get the score that he or she needs on the exam.

(Because I do not wish to publicly slander anyone, I will not state his name but if anyone asks me, I will gladly give a clue as to which Youtube channel to avoid…  I’m sure he is a decent person and actually wants to help, but so does the drunk guy at your party who breaks your mother’s most prized lamp while trying to “help” you clean up after the party.)

And…

  • Because, despite the fact that there is no “vocabulary section” on the exam…  there are “vocabulary questions” in The Reading Section, and this leads many people to believe that they should be studying vocabulary.

However, the way in-which most books and so-called “teachers” go about doing this really freakin’ pisses me off…

But, alas…  my anger and frustration becomes your benefit…


The GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! TOEFL Vocabulary Database

I am still working on the post which will detail how to best use this database in a systematic way, but I literally just “finished” the database a few hours ago.

Now, I’m enjoying a well-deserved Gin&Tonic and wanted to let you all know, because this is EXACTLY the reason why there have not been any posts here for a bit longer than I would like.


I put the word “finished” in quotation marks because there will definitely be additions made to the database, but for the most part, it is “finished”.

The database contains, a lot more words than you will see on the exam, but there is a very good reason for this.

So What’s In The Database?

The database contains a few different classifications of enteries

  1. Functional Vocabulary
  2. Grammatical Vocabulary
  3. Useful Adjectives & Adverbs
  4. Unique Word Transformations
  5. “Level-Checking” Vocabulary

Functional Vocabulary:  These are words that will be used within the directions and questions in the Exam.  These words have nothing to do with the topic matters being presented, but rather are “Functional” because the test-taker will absolutely NEED to know these words to be able to “Functionally” navigate his or her way through the exam.

Examples:

Grammatical Vocabulary:  These words will probably not be on the exam, but if you are going to be taking the exam, or if you are going to be taking any of the TOEFL Excellence training courses, then you will most-definitely need to know, or learn these words.

Examples:  Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction (including many of the words which fall into the categories of such.)

Useful Adjectives:  This is the only area which may contain “new” words, which very likely will not be on the exam, but can definitely be very helpful in the test-taker’s Speaking and Writing tasks (besides just being good vocabulary practice.)

Unique Word Transformations:  What I mean by “Unique Transformation” is to refer to when the transformation of a word from one form to another – Noun > Verb, Verb > Adverb, Adverb > Adjective, etc. – may actually contain different meanings than the words literally imply.

Examples:

  • Think & Thinking:  “Think” can be a verb used to refer to what a person does with his or her mind, but it can also be used to refer to one’s opinion. Likewise, “Thinking” can be that same verb in action, or represent the subject noun for the opinion or view-point of a person or a whole group.
  • Timber & Timbre:  “Timber” is a noun which may come up in a reading or listening passage about “Forestry” – whereas, “Timbre”, which is pronounced exactly the same may come up in a reading or listening passage about “Music”.
  • Elder & Elderly:  “Elder” can be used as a noun to refer to an older person in a family or community who holds respect, and may be used in one’s speaking or writing answer – but it can also be used as an adjective as a more respectable way of saying “older”.  And “Elderly” can be used as an adjective in the same way as mentioned before, or it can be used to refer to all people who are of “advanced” age.

“Level-Checking” Vocabulary:  These words are added to the list because they are common words, which may or may not appear on the list, but are part of The 3000 most-used words in the English language (both American and British), and are expected to be known at a University TOEFL Exam level.  These words are here so that one can simply “check” his or here own “level” before taking the exam.

So… If there is ANY word in the entire list that you do not know…   look it up!!! 😉


All words in the database are linked directly to their respective entries on the GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! Pronunciation Portal, and each entry there, is linked to the word’s respective entry on Wiktionary.org. – just as with The 3000 Most-Used Words List

Also, on The Pronunciation Portal, besides having the pronunciation of the word, clearly described, with both phonetic and IPA spellings, you can also highlight any word or phrase on the page and hear the word pronounced for you.


Finally…

I will be systematically, making posts about all words in the “Functional” & “Unique” categories.  The “Useful Adjectives” I leave to you to learn on your own (because if you don’t take some initiative, then your time and the money that you spend on the exam will be wasted.)  And the Grammatical Vocabulary will also be systematically added to The Grammar Portal (which has been in some serious need of attention for quite some time.)  Updates to The Grammar Portal will, of course be converted into blog posts…

So There You Go!!!

(You can start throwing flowers now)

😉


Remember:  If there are any words or phrases in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up.  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.

Have An Excellent Day!

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Help support students who need to prepare for and take the TOEFL iBT Exam.  Visit my campaign at:  https://www.patreon.com/TOEFLExcellence

The TOEFL Vocabulary Database Is “Finished”!!! was originally published on TOEFL Excellence

TOEFL Reading Section – Tip #1

TOEFL Reading Section Tip #1 – Dealing With Frustration

Over the weekend I have been trying to implement some ways for people to, not only be able to actually order the TOEFL Excellence Training Packages, but to also set up a crowd-funding campaign to start up the scholarship program for both training and registration for the TOEFL iBT Exam…

However, since I live in the farthest Eastern country in Eastern Europe…  nothing is easy.  PayPal doesn’t want to allow me to set up a payment system without a US bank account (or one in a country which I do not live in) – and with the crowd-funding site, there is a similar problem.

These are not permanent problems, just temporary obstacles…


And this reminded me of one of the best tips that I can give about The Reading Section of The TOEFL iBT Exam.


The Reading Section of The TOEFL iBT Exam is the only section where one can actually skip ahead to the next question and then go back to a previous one.  It is for this reason, that one should NEVER waste time on a question that they do not know the answer to, or that they are un-sure about.

Just like my temporary obstacle with setting up the payment gateways…  sometimes the answer is “not available” yet…

This can often-times be caused simply by the stress of taking an exam and working with a timer counting down continuously.


In The TOEFL Reading Section, there are 3 passages (on the normal version of the exam) and approx. 12-15 questions for each passage.  There are also, only 20/passage to complete this portion of the exam.

This means, that you have about 3-5 minutes to skim over the exam and an approx. average of only 1 minute for each question.  Some of them will take much less than that, but some will take much longer.

Additionally…

Another thing to take into consideration (which should also relieve some stress) is that you do not get a “0” (zero) on a question with a wrong answer.  You can only get a “0” (zero) on a question that you do not answer.

So if you spend too long on a question or task that is confusing – you may end up getting a zero on a number of other question that you knew the answer to, easily, but did not have time to answer.


Therefore…

When encountering a question that you do not know the answer to, just make a guess, or mark any answer randomly.  Then, make a note of which question that was on the paper that they provide for you to take notes.  After that, go on to the rest of the questions and finish them.  Finally, with the time that is left over, go back to the questions you were having difficulty with, and if you have time, you can review them.

But, if you do not have enough time to go back to those, at least you guessed or chose something…  Your guess may have been right.  If so, perfect!  Your guess may have been wrong.  No problem!  You will still get some credit for the question, and it is better than getting “zero”.

Just as all of the questions and tasks on The TOEFL Exam, this mimics real situations in Life.  Therefore… make a guess, move on, go back to it later, fix it if it needs to be fixed, if not – don’t worry.


…  And I’ll “see” you all again soon.

😉


Remember:  If there are any words or phrases in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up.  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.

Have An Excellent Day!


TOEFL Reading Section – Tip #1 was originally published on TOEFL Excellence

Frequently Asked TOEFL Question #3 – Reading Section Topics

Q:  What Are The Topics Of The Reading Passages In The Reading Section?

(This first entry comes from the FAQ page on the TOEFL Portal of GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!)

A:  The topics that one will read about are from:  The Arts, The Sciences, and History.

The level of difficulty for each topic is equivalent to what a person may find on any of these subjects on a Wikipedia page.  In fact, reading the first few paragraphs of any Wikipedia page (try the “random article” function in the left-hand menu) can be good practice for preparing oneself for The Reading Section…  As long as you know what information to look for, and you look up any new words that you come across.

You DO NOT need to know anything about any of the topics discussed before the exam as all of the information that you will need to answer any of these questions on each reading passage will be presented WITHIN the reading passage itself.

Therefore, studying endless amounts of vocabulary, will be a very poor usage of your TOEFL Preparation time…  (As I have written about here.)

And That’s That!

😉


Remember:  If there are any words in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up.  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.

Have An Excellent Day!

 

Frequently Asked TOEFL Question #3 – Reading Section Topics was originally published on TOEFL Excellence

Frequently Asked TOEFL Question #2 – Vocabulary (Part 1)

Q:  Should I be studying vocabulary For The TOEFL Exam?


Vocabulary - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

A: (short version)  Well, sure!  That certainly can’t hurt your score.  In fact, if you are able to successfully implement higher-levels of vocabulary into your speaking and writing responses, this will definitely improve your score…(in most cases.)  Sometimes it will increase it by a little, and sometimes by a lot.  This can also help you with some of the questions types in The Reading Section.

BUT…

A:  (more realistic version) You do not NEED to study vocabulary for The TOEFL Exam as there is no “Vocabulary Section” in the exam.  There are, however, vocabulary questions with-in The Reading Section – but the way that these questions are formulated are to test a persons ability to learn new vocabulary if they do not already know it…  Not to test the vocabulary that they already know.  (And here’s the most important part)


Read The Full Post Here


Have An Excellent Day!

😉