“Dad” – TOEFL Vocabulary #4 (+ Speaking Section – Task One Tip)

The Word “Dad” – TOEFL Vocabulary #4

(“Level-Checking” – (semi-)”Functional” – “Unique Word Transformation” Vocabulary)

Dad - GiveMesomeEnglish!!!


“Dad” – (/dæ[d]/ – /dæ[d]/) [concrete noun]…

“The word ‘Dad’ is a colloquial term for the word ‘Father’.”


[su_dropcap style=”flat”]T[/su_dropcap]he word “Dad” – being the most common colloquial and familiar alternative to the word “Father” in the English language, can be fit into a number of the categories that I have included into The TOEFL Vocabulary Database.

  • It functions as “Level-Checking” Vocabulary, because the chances that one who is preparing for The TOEFL iBT Exam has not yet heard of, or knows, this word are quite low…  yet, if it happens, then this is a good indication that that person’s “Level” is not yet high enough for The TOEFL iBT Exam, and there-fore, also not high enough to excel in a University-type setting.  Additionally, it will be unconsiciously expected that a person in both situations – absolutely – will know this word…  Thus the term “Level-Checking”.
  • It functions as (semi-) “Functional” Vocabulary, because the chances that a person will hear this word in a question on the exam may happen – but more likely, the fact that a person may USE this word in his or her answer in the Independent Speaking Section, and Writing Section answers is quite high.  However, I use the prefix “semi-” because the person does not NEED to use this term.  If one wishes to mention his or her “Dad”, then that person can always say “Father”, “Papa”, or whatever else is more common from where that person comes from.

BUT THERE IS MUCH MORE – READ THE FULL POST…


Have An Excellent Day!

😉

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TOEFL Vocabulary #3 – “Campus” (Functional TOEFL Vocabulary)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The Word “Campus”

(Functional TOEFL Vocabulary)


“Campus” – (/KæM-pihs/ – /ˈkæm.pə(ɪ)s/) [concrete & abstract noun]…

“The grounds, buildings, facilities, of a college, university, and/or institue of education.”

“In the Speaking Section of the TOEFL iBT Exam, the test-taker will be required to listen to, read, respond to and report about various campus-type situations…”


READ WHY THIS IS A FUNCTIONAL TOEFL VOCABULARY HERE


Have An Excellent Day!

😉

Vocabulary #2 – “Base” (Word-Transformation Vocabulary)

The Word “Base” & It’s Transformations + Meaning & Usage


The word “Base”, and it’s various transformation is our first in the way of “Unique Word Transformation” TOEFL Vocabulary.  For more of an description about that, you can read the blog post I wrote on that subject here.


The root form “Base” may or may not show up on the exam, but the other forms could very-well be in and of the Reading Passages or Listening Section recordings, or can be used in the reading or listening portions of any of the Speaking or Writing Sections of the exam – and most certainly can be used in one’s answers in the Speaking or Writing Sections of The TOEFL iBT Exam.

Therefore, to find out more…


READ THE FULL POST HERE


Have An Excellent DaY!

😉

The TOEFL Vocabulary Database Is “Finished”!!!

TOEFL Vocabulary


Yes, yes, I know…  there IS no such thing as “TOEFL Vocabulary”.  But I have some very good reasons for creating the GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! & TOEFL Excellence TOEFL Database

  • Because clueless people keep writing ridiculous books on the subject which are a complete waste of your time – AND… not only are they used by people studying for the exam, but are also used by lazy “teachers” who just don’t want to take the time to find out exactly what their students need.
  • Because an even more clueless person with a channel on Youtube, who ACTUALLY calls himself a “TOEFL Expert”, is wasting everyone’s time by making videos on the topic, which will NOT help anyone to get the score that he or she needs on the exam.

(Because I do not wish to publicly slander anyone, I will not state his name but if anyone asks me, I will gladly give a clue as to which Youtube channel to avoid…  I’m sure he is a decent person and actually wants to help, but so does the drunk guy at your party who breaks your mother’s most prized lamp while trying to “help” you clean up after the party.)

And…

  • Because, despite the fact that there is no “vocabulary section” on the exam…  there are “vocabulary questions” in The Reading Section, and this leads many people to believe that they should be studying vocabulary.

However, the way in-which most books and so-called “teachers” go about doing this really freakin’ pisses me off…

But, alas…  my anger and frustration becomes your benefit…


The GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! TOEFL Vocabulary Database

I am still working on the post which will detail how to best use this database in a systematic way, but I literally just “finished” the database a few hours ago.

Now, I’m enjoying a well-deserved Gin&Tonic and wanted to let you all know, because this is EXACTLY the reason why there have not been any posts here for a bit longer than I would like.


I put the word “finished” in quotation marks because there will definitely be additions made to the database, but for the most part, it is “finished”.

The database contains, a lot more words than you will see on the exam, but there is a very good reason for this.

So What’s In The Database?

The database contains a few different classifications of enteries

  1. Functional Vocabulary
  2. Grammatical Vocabulary
  3. Useful Adjectives & Adverbs
  4. Unique Word Transformations
  5. “Level-Checking” Vocabulary

Functional Vocabulary:  These are words that will be used within the directions and questions in the Exam.  These words have nothing to do with the topic matters being presented, but rather are “Functional” because the test-taker will absolutely NEED to know these words to be able to “Functionally” navigate his or her way through the exam.

Examples:

Grammatical Vocabulary:  These words will probably not be on the exam, but if you are going to be taking the exam, or if you are going to be taking any of the TOEFL Excellence training courses, then you will most-definitely need to know, or learn these words.

Examples:  Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction (including many of the words which fall into the categories of such.)

Useful Adjectives:  This is the only area which may contain “new” words, which very likely will not be on the exam, but can definitely be very helpful in the test-taker’s Speaking and Writing tasks (besides just being good vocabulary practice.)

Unique Word Transformations:  What I mean by “Unique Transformation” is to refer to when the transformation of a word from one form to another – Noun > Verb, Verb > Adverb, Adverb > Adjective, etc. – may actually contain different meanings than the words literally imply.

Examples:

  • Think & Thinking:  “Think” can be a verb used to refer to what a person does with his or her mind, but it can also be used to refer to one’s opinion. Likewise, “Thinking” can be that same verb in action, or represent the subject noun for the opinion or view-point of a person or a whole group.
  • Timber & Timbre:  “Timber” is a noun which may come up in a reading or listening passage about “Forestry” – whereas, “Timbre”, which is pronounced exactly the same may come up in a reading or listening passage about “Music”.
  • Elder & Elderly:  “Elder” can be used as a noun to refer to an older person in a family or community who holds respect, and may be used in one’s speaking or writing answer – but it can also be used as an adjective as a more respectable way of saying “older”.  And “Elderly” can be used as an adjective in the same way as mentioned before, or it can be used to refer to all people who are of “advanced” age.

“Level-Checking” Vocabulary:  These words are added to the list because they are common words, which may or may not appear on the list, but are part of The 3000 most-used words in the English language (both American and British), and are expected to be known at a University TOEFL Exam level.  These words are here so that one can simply “check” his or here own “level” before taking the exam.

So… If there is ANY word in the entire list that you do not know…   look it up!!! 😉


All words in the database are linked directly to their respective entries on the GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! Pronunciation Portal, and each entry there, is linked to the word’s respective entry on Wiktionary.org. – just as with The 3000 Most-Used Words List

Also, on The Pronunciation Portal, besides having the pronunciation of the word, clearly described, with both phonetic and IPA spellings, you can also highlight any word or phrase on the page and hear the word pronounced for you.


Finally…

I will be systematically, making posts about all words in the “Functional” & “Unique” categories.  The “Useful Adjectives” I leave to you to learn on your own (because if you don’t take some initiative, then your time and the money that you spend on the exam will be wasted.)  And the Grammatical Vocabulary will also be systematically added to The Grammar Portal (which has been in some serious need of attention for quite some time.)  Updates to The Grammar Portal will, of course be converted into blog posts…

So There You Go!!!

(You can start throwing flowers now)

😉


Remember:  If there are any words or phrases in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up.  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.

Have An Excellent Day!

Explore GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

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Help support students who need to prepare for and take the TOEFL iBT Exam.  Visit my campaign at:  https://www.patreon.com/TOEFLExcellence

The TOEFL Vocabulary Database Is “Finished”!!! was originally published on TOEFL Excellence

Frequently Asked TOEFL Question #4 – Independent & Integrated Tasks

Independent & Integrated Tasks on The TOEFL iBT Exam

These FAQs are from the FAQ page of The GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! TOEFL Portal.


Independent & Integrated Tasks In The TOEFL Speaking Section

toefl-speaking-section-slider-givemesomeenglish

Q:  What Are “Independent Tasks”?

A:  The tasks which are referred to as “Independent”, are only called such because there will be a question which asks for the test-taker to give information which is not given in a written text or in a audio recording.  The term “Independent” is a bit mis-leading though, as the test-taker will still have to read the question, and listen to the audio.  However, the audio will simply be repeating the text that they have read.

Ultimately, the reason for calling them “Independent” is that the test-taker will have to come up with the information to speak about on his or her own, rather than simply reporting on information that is given, such as in the “Integrated Tasks”.  And even though Task 2 of The TOEFL Speaking Section, does actually give specific information to speak about, it is called “Independent” because the test-taker is asked for his or her opinion on a subject.

Q:  What Are “Integrated Tasks”?

A:  The Integrated Tasks in the TOEFL Speaking Section, require a person to use different English language skills.  For example, the test-taker will read a text, then listen to a recording, and then he or she will will have to integrate the information from both sources in order to complete the task.


Independent & Integrated Tasks In The TOEFL Writing Section

toefl-writing-section-slider-givemesomeenglish

Q:  What Is The “Independent Task”?

A:  Just as in The Speaking Section, the task which is referred to as “Independent”, is only called such because there will be a question which asks for the test-taker to state and support an opinion.  So even though the subject matter that is to be written about, it is considered “Independent” because it requires an “opinion”.  The format of the task, and how to best answer it is exactly the same a Speaking Section – Task 2.  The only difference is that you will write your answer, and you will have far more time to formulate your ideas into more complete sentences and paragraphs.

Q:  What Is “Integrated Task”?

A:  Just as with The Speaking SectionThe Integrated Task in the TOEFL Writing Section, requires a person to use different English language skills.  The test-taker will read a text, then listen to a recording.  Then he or she will will have to integrate the information from both sources in order to complete the task.  This task, (and how to fulfill it) is formulated exactly the same as Speaking Task 4, only the response will be longer, and will, obviously, be in the written form.


I Hope that this helps.  As always, let me know if you have any questions or comments.

…  And I’ll “see” you all again soon.

😉


Remember:  If there are any words or phrases in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up.  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.

Have An Excellent Day!


GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! – Main Portal

GMSE BlogGrammar PortalLexis PortalPronunciation PortalThe TOEFL Portal – The Common Tongue Project

Frequently Asked TOEFL Question #4 – Independent & Integrated Tasks was originally published on TOEFL Excellence

TOEFL Speaking Section – Tip #1

Speaking Section – Task 1

The TOEFL Speaking Section is the one section that people tend to worry about the most.  However, it does not have to be something to worry about.  This is because every task in the speaking section mimics a real-world event which everyone who would be taking the exam has already done numerous times.  Task one simply mimics a typical question that a person may ask when first getting acquainted.

That could be about:  family, friends, where you are from (and what it is like), favorite memories, people who have inspired you, etc.


Task 1 – “Independent Question”

This is often referred to as “Question 1” but that is not correct, because technically, you are not being asked a question.  You are being asked to comment about some “personal” topic.

The reason they call this an “Independent Question” is because it is the only task in the entire exam which does not provide the material for you to talk about…  you will have to provide that on your own, based upon your own memory.

How To Prepare For Speaking Section – Task 1

The best thing you can do to be prepared for this task is to choose one family member, and/or friend who you can talk about easily because you have lots of memories with that person.

The reason that I say “and/or” is because quite often it is possible to answer a question with either one.  For many people, someone like a cousin can act as “both”.  And sometimes a friend can be so close he or she can almost be like family.

The person you chose, should be someone that you admire / look up to / are inspired by, or has done something really great for you in your life.

The memories that you should be ready to talk become even more valuable when they include some sort of local or cultural holiday, custom, or tradition.  And even more-so when they are set in your hometown.

Why?

This is because all of the subjects above are the possibilities for the types of questions that will be asked on Speaking Section – Task 1.  So the more of those elements that you have connected to a memory, means that you can answer virtually any question that is asked in this task without having to even think about it…  And that is one of the keys to this exam…  not having to think.

So…  for example – if the person I choose to keep in my “Speaking Section – Task 1 Arsenal”, is my best friend Ben (whom I have numerous memories with, and is like a brother to me), then I could use him to answer any question they could ask for Task 1 – whether it be about:  Best Friend, Favorite Memory, A Person Who Inspires Me…  and even about some local or cultural customs / traditions, as we have been together for many of them.


There is a lot more that I can and will say about this topic and this task.  And I will definitely go  into more detail on the same subject in future posts, but to say any more here, would only complicate matters un-necessarily.

This is one of the elements that will be covered briefly in the “TOEFL Excellence” – Full Course & Even more-so in the “TOEFL Excellence-Xtra” Course…  both of which are well under-way.

So… think of your Friend and/or Family Member so that you can add him/her/them to your OWN “Speaking Section – Task 1 Arsenal” – and stay tuned for more free samples from the paid versions of the various TOEFL Excellence Training Courses.

And don’t forget to take part in the first Survey Question…  Everyone who does so will get some kind of free prize based on his or her specific TOEFL needs.


Remember:  If there are any words (or phrases) in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up!  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.

Have An Excellent Day!

 

TOEFL Speaking Section – Tip #1 was originally published on TOEFL Excellence

Frequently Asked TOEFL Question #1 – American Or British English

Q:  Do I Have To Learn American English To Take The TOEFL Exam?

(This first entry comes from the FAQ page on the TOEFL Portal of GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!)

A:  No.  You do not need to learn “American English” to take the TOEFL Exam.

Keep Calm and Don't Worry - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

To Find Out Why…

Read The Full Post Here


Remember: If there are any words in this post that you do not know – look them up.  Though you do not need to waste time memorizing random lists of vocabulary words before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know.  The TOEFL Vocabulary Data-Base is Excellent For This.  Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain…  look it up.  I suggest Wikitionary.com

And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.


Have An Excellent Day!

😉